The Manual is the result of the Medscapes Work Package 6. It focuses on the community participative process (based on the traditional Arab Hima concept plus other participatory models and tools) to build on the results of the Landscape Character Assessment (LCA) carried out as the key task of Medscapes. In mapping and assessing the landscape character, there are always distinctive landscape sites of importance that need specific measures for its protection. The Hima concept has been chosen as the participatory approach of the project as it has proven success over the past years in being able to conserve a site, yet keep the local community involved in the decision making and management of the site. The Hima training framework is composed of a Methodology outlined in Chapter V and its practical application in Chapter IV, as implemented in each project country.