Hima a Methodology for Local Involvement in Distinctive Landscape Management Manual


The Hima Guideline Manual provides information on the Medscapes project, its aim, and vision, and highlights briefly the content of the different work packages. The Manual, and as the title inters, focuses on the Hima approach and states the history, functions, and the revival of the concept by SPNL and its adoption by many national and international organizations. The mission and vision of the Society for the Protection of Nature in Lebanon is to call for the protection of nature, birds, and biodiversity, the sustainable use of natural resources, and working with communities for achieving the best protection measures. SPNL has been reviving the Hima concept for the past ten years to come up with what is called today the “Hybrid Hima” that meet and adapt to the current environmental, cultural and social situation of a certain site today.


The Manual is the result of the Medscapes Work Package 6. It focuses on the community participative process (based on the traditional Arab Hima concept plus other participatory models and tools) to build on the results of the Landscape Character Assessment (LCA) carried out as the key task of Medscapes. In mapping and assessing the landscape character, there are always distinctive landscape sites of importance that need specific measures for its protection. The Hima concept has been chosen as the participatory approach of the project as it has proven success over the past years in being able to conserve a site, yet keep the local community involved in the decision making and management of the site. The Hima training framework is composed of a Methodology outlined in Chapter V and its practical application in Chapter IV, as implemented in each project country.