HH understand their Hima weather and climate as well as their local wildlife, the way they know their families, friends and community members they have grown among since their early chchildhoodThey have witnessed the first flower to bloom and the last bird to migrate from their Himas. They have acquired the tastes of their local cuisine and the songs and dances in their village festivals. They are the custodians of their natural and cultural heritage. Biodiversity conservation has the potential to benefit us all. Regional and international initiatives for conservation are important. Most importantly, conservation action has to be focused on very specific places, and must involve local people. A local approach helps to ensure the appropriate application of local knowledge. It builds on the motivation of local stakeholders, enhances the prospects of sustainability, increases efficiency and legitimacy, empowers people, has the potential to reduce conflict, and respect people’s rights.