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Lake Qaraoun

Observations suggest that over 20,000 raptors, Storks, Pelicans and other soaring birds pass over the lake annually
Observations suggest that over 20,000 raptors, Storks, Pelicans and other soaring birds pass over the lake annually

Location: Lake Qaraoun is the largest freshwater body by far in Lebanon, lying at the Southern end of the Bekaa valley, which is a continuation of the Rift valley itself, a well – documented flyway for raptors and other soaring birds, The Lake was formed by the damming of the Litani River flowing south. Total area: 1190 ha

IBA Criteria met: A4iv

Lake Qaraoun

Explanation: Observations suggest that over 20,000 raptors, Storks, Pelicans and other soaring birds pass over the lake annually. Several species of conservation concern have been recorded here in past years such as Sociable Plover, and Ferruginous Duck. Also the most important site in Lebanon for wintering ducks. Number of species observed: 110

Habitat: Man-made, largest freshwater lake surrounded by agricultural land, scrub and woodland

Other wildlife interest: Swamp Cat (Felis chaus), Spur-thighed Tortoise and Chameleon

Threats: Hunting, water pollution, over-grazing, disturbance of birds

Current conservation measures & future plans: Local people trained in site monitoring. Ongoing efforts with interested municipalities