Epinephelus marginatus: A native fish species in Lebanon

The Dusky Grouper or Epinephelus marginatusis a native fish species in Lebanon, that is categorized as “Endangered” as part of the IUCN Red List for globally threatened species. The E. marginatus lives at sea depths ranging between 8 and 300 m, mainly in rocky reefs, and it is considered as a hermaphrodite, that is it changes from female to male. Its current global population is declining primarily due to overfishing, in addition to its slow growth rate that amplifies the effect of overexploiting it.

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